They are one of the main mineral energy sources. These are limited energy assets that imply they are non-sustainable assets and once consumed they are lost forever. There are three significant types of petroleum derivatives: coal, oil, and petroleum gas, and on the overall premise. They give roughly 90% of the energy consumed.
What exactly is a non-renewable resource?
A non-renewable resource is a natural resource located under the ground that, when consumed, does not regenerate at the same rate as it is depleted. Typically, the resources take millions of years to produce. Non-renewable resources include fuels such as oil, coal, and natural gas, which people rely on to generate energy.
Non-Renewable Resource Types
It is classified into two basic categories: fossil fuels and nuclear energy.
Use of fossil fuels
The constant heating and compression of organic stuff buried under the earth’s surface produce fossil fuels. Plant and animal remnants that have decayed, heated and compacted over millions of years to produce fossil beds make up the majority of organic matter.
The deposits are retrieved by drilling or mining and might be liquid, gas, or solid. Because fossil fuels are highly combustible, they are a rich supply of energy. Some examples of fossil fuels are:
- crude petroleum
Crude oil, commonly known as petroleum oil, is the only non-renewable resource that can be extracted as a liquid. It is discovered between the layers of the earth’s crust or between the rocks and is extracted by digging a vertical well into the ground and ocean floor.
The crude oil is then pumped to the surface, refined, and utilized to make a variety of goods. It is used to make gasoline and diesel to power automobiles, as well as plastics, heating oil, propane, jet fuel, and artificial food tastes.
- Gaseous natural gas
Natural gas is a non-renewable gaseous resource located beneath the earth’s crust but near crude oil reserves in the subsurface. Natural gas is mostly composed of methane, although it may also contain other natural gas components such as propane, ethane, and butane.
Methane is odorless; therefore, it is blended with a particular chemical to give it an odor that may be detected in the event of a gas leak. Once extracted, natural gas is delivered to processing factories to separate propane and butane, which are used to make liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Natural gas is used to heat houses and to cook in gas ovens, stoves, and barbecues.
These resources are unquestionably the foundation of our society. They refer to all of the earth’s living and non-living endowment in a broad sense. But conventional usage limits the phrase to naturally existing resources and systems. That are beneficial to people or might be given normal technical, economic, social, and legal circumstances. The major categories of natural resources are agricultural land, forest land, and its numerous products and services; natural land areas preserved for aesthetic, recreational, or scientific purposes; fresh and saltwater fisheries; mineral resources, which include mineral fuels and non-fuels; renewable non-mineral energy sources such as solar, tidal, wind, and geothermal systems; water resources; and waste-assimilative capacities of all parts of the environment.
Some natural resource stocks are renewable through natural or manmade processes, while others are not – an often-used dichotomy in resource classification. Solar, wind, and tidal energy, as well as agriculture, forest, fishery, air, and surface water, are examples of renewable resources. Mineral ores and fossil fuels, on the other hand, are examples of non-renewables. Although geological processes can generate fresh stocks of a particular resource throughout time (geologic time), the human time scale is incapable of dealing with such “renewability.”
It is acknowledged that renewability frequently depends on proper non-destructive management approaches, such as farmlands, fisheries, and waste disposal because certain changes in natural resource systems are permanent.
Non-renewable resources Facts
• Non-renewable resources are those that cannot be regenerated by natural processes.
• These are restricted in quantity and cannot be raised. These resources include fossil fuels (such as gasoline and coal), metals (such as iron, copper, gold, silver, lead, and zinc), minerals, and salts (carbonates, phosphates, nitrates, etc.).
• When a non-renewable resource is depleted, it is gone for good. Then we have to locate a replacement or do without it.
Non-renewable resources are further classified into two types.
• Recyclable – These are non-renewable materials that may be recovered and recycled after usage. These are mostly non-energy mineral resources found in the earth’s crust (e.g., ores of aluminum, and copper) and reserves of fertilizer nutrients.
• non-recyclable – These are non-renewable materials that cannot be recycled. Examples include fossil fuels and uranium, which provide 90% of our energy needs.
Natural resources are classed as follows:
• Inexhaustible – The resources that are not transformed or consumed by man’s activity and are abundantly available for all time are considered to be inexhaustible. Solar energy, atomic energy, wind power, tide power, and so on are examples. The majority of renewable resources are considered inexhaustible. However, if they are not properly managed, they will go extinct. Groundwater, for example, is renewable only if water continues to percolate in the soil at the rate at which it is extracted.
• Exhaustible resources – These resources are finite in nature and are non-renewable, such as coal, petrol, and some minerals. As a result, they are classified as non-renewable.